Fundamental rights and duties

Fundamental rights and duties

Fundamental rights:

Fundamental rights are those rights which are essential for the well being of a person. Part III of the Indian Constitution contains the list of Fundamental Rights; that guarantees civil liberties to all the citizens of India to live in peace and harmony without the fear of being suppressed by others. The Indian Judiciary has the discretion to punish those violating these fundamental rights under the provisions of the Indian Penal Code. No person can be deprived these rights pertaining to basic liberty in the form of human freedoms. It is the judiciary that safeguards these rights of the citizens. In some exceptional cases, i.e. during emergencies the State can impose restrictions on the enjoyment of these fundamental rights.

The Constitution provides for the enjoyment of 6 Fundamental rights. They are:

  1. Right to Equality (under Article 14 – Article 18 )
  2. Right to Freedom (under Article 19 – Article 22 )
  3. Right against exploitation ( under Article 23 – Article 24 )
  4. Right to Freedom of Religion (under Article 25 – Article 28 )
  5. Cultural and Educational rights (under Article 29 – Article 30 )
  6. Right to Constitutional remedies (Article 32 )

The six categories of Fundamental Rights are discussed below:

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